“Switchable” Annuities Are Nothing New

The suggestion by pensions minister Steve Webb on Sunday that providers should offer so called “switchable” annuities has raised some eyebrows amongst those in the advice profession. You see the concept of a switchable annuity is nothing new; in fact, it has been around for quite some time.

Fixed term annuities involve the purchase of a short-term annuity (up to 5 years) with a part of your pension fund. Using this type of annuity can have a number of advantages for clients:

  • It allows you to fix your annuity rate at least every 5 years, rather than locking in for life, one of Mr Webb’s main bugbears.
  • Should health deteriorate in later life you could then take advantage of an enhanced annuity rate.
  • It leaves your options open to take advantage of a different form of retirement income in the future.

As with all attractive financial planning options however, there are some risks. The main one being if annuity rates continue their long-term downward trend. In the same way as fixing into a mortgage deal can be a risk if interest rates fall lower the same is true for a fixed term annuity. You could find that the rate has fallen when you come to “renew” your retirement income.

As I have argued for some time now, surely the best way to ensure a comfortable retirement is to diversify your retirement income in the same way that you would diversify an investment portfolio. For many clients taking an income from a variety of different sources could be a suitable hedge against “annuity rate risk”. For example, you may wish to take some income in the form of a lifetime annuity, some from a fixed term annuity and some in the form of a drawdown pension.

Clearly the correct mix of retirement income will depend on your personal circumstances and objectives and given the long term nature of annuity purchase, I would recommend that you take advice from a Chartered Financial Planner before making any important decisions.

Buckingham Gate’s 2014 Financial Planning Thoughts

With the new year now underway, I thought it time to share our early thoughts on some of the key financial planning issues clients are likely to face in 2014.

 1. Re-balance investments

Given the fantastic market performance of 2013 both in the UK and abroad it is likely that many portfolios will now be out of balance when compared to the intended asset allocation. If left unchecked this can cause a large increase in the risk and volatility within a portfolio and could lead to larger than expected losses in future years. As such now would be a prudent time to review your financial planning goals for the years ahead and rebalance investment portfolios accordingly.

2. Plan ahead for pension legislation changes on 6th April

The 6th April 2014 sees the introduction of a reduced lifetime and annual allowance for pensions. The annual allowance is a limit on the amount of tax advantaged pension contributions an individual can make in a single “pension input period”. The lifetime allowance limits the total amount of pension savings you can accumulate in your lifetime. Any excess over these allowances can lead to large tax charges, which in some cases can be as high as 55%. This is a high priority area, which should be looked at well in advance of the deadline of 6th April. Clients who are members of a final salary or public sector pension scheme could be particularly vulnerable in this area.

3. Make considered use of tax allowances – Now!

Many people make use of their various tax allowances right at the last minute, especially ISA payments. In some cases this means that there is not sufficient time to complete the significant research required to make a suitable recommendation for investment and we are unable to assist. Furthermore, by leaving the use of these allowances to the very end of the tax year you are effectively losing out on a whole years worth of tax advantaged fund growth. Now is the time to start planning for the end of the tax year on 5th April and it would also be a great time to start planning for the 2014/15 tax year as well.

Some diligent individuals who have made full use of their ISA allowance since it’s introduction now have in excess of £1m sheltered away in a tax efficient home with no income or capital gains tax liability. For most this would make a most welcome addition to any retirement planning or investment goals.

4. If you are an employer – Start preparing for auto enrolment

While the new auto enrolment rules have already taken effect for the largest of employers, 2014 is the year where this new legislation will really start to impact on owner-managed business. Each employer will have an auto-enrolment staging date, this is the date on which a particular business will be required to comply with the new legislation. At an absolute minimum we would recommend that employers start preparing 6 months before their staging date preferably a year or more. If you would like an initial assessment of your auto-enrolment staging date and liabilities as an employer, please do get in touch.

5. Make the most of the low interest rate environment – While you still can!

While the low bank of England base rate is likely to persist for some months yet, the markets are starting to price in a rise in the benchmark interest rate within the next 18 months or so. This will begin to have an impact on the rate at which lenders can secure funds and In turn, this will start to filter down to mortgage rates. Clearly each individual will have different circumstances but in general those clients who have variable rate mortgages or borrowing may want to consider locking into the historically low rates currently available.  While no-one can say for sure exactly when a rate rise will occur, we can say with some certainty that the base rate will have to increase at some point from its current low.

6. Make a thorough financial plan

We all have different financial goals and objectives, however many of us are unsure as to exactly how or when those objectives will be achieved. Whether you aspire to retire early or fund a new business venture, by creating a comprehensive cash-flow model we are able to predict how close your existing provisions are to meeting your personal needs. As well as looking at the “ideal” scenario a cash flow plan will also enable you to consider your financial position in a number of “what if” scenarios such as the illness of a family member. This exercise is often eye opening and can show how well prepared (or not) you are for the financial challenges which life could throw at you.

By making time to sit down with a Chartered Financial Planner, you will be able to start 2014 with a suitable plan in place to ensure that you meet those all important financial objectives.

Are annuities really that bad – or is lack of advice the real problem?

Please accept my apologies but I use my blog today to discuss the topic of pensions. Once again we have a sensationalist headline about pensioners being “ripped off” by annuity providers and insurance companies.

The coverage is in response to a report by the Financial Services Consumer Panel, which is heavily critical of the annuity market. While I agree that the market for pension income is currently in need of reform, there are some simple solutions to many of the criticisms leveled by the report.

First of all, I would like to point out that an annuity is not the only possible source of income in retirement. There are many options to consider all of which have their benefits and drawbacks.

Unlike many financial decisions, the choice of how to generate an income in retirement generally can’t be reversed or changed once it is made. The choice of how you take an income from your accumulated retirement funds, and which provider you choose to provide that income, is vitally important. A wrong move here could cost you up to 45% of your income for the rest of your life.

The first mistake that many retirees make is simply to accept the annuity they are offered by their insurance company or pension provider. There is a good chance that the deal offered to you by your existing provider will not be the best, and in some cases can be significantly worse that those offered by other providers.

Secondly, many new retirees fail to consider what their needs will be in retirement. Do they need an income to be paid to their spouse on their death? Will an inflation-linked income be cost effective? What if long-term care is required during retirement? The answers to these (and many more) important questions should be considered before making any decisions. All too often these issues are not given the attention they deserve.

Finally many people simply assume that an annuity is the correct solution for them when in actual fact a different retirement income solution may be more appropriate.

A professional, independent financial planner can help you to decide on the best way to generate an income in retirement as well as making sure that your family will be provided for should you pass away. In addition, by completing a thorough cash flow forecast, your financial planner will be able to show you the likely impact of your retirement decisions, before you make them, so that you can avoid any costly mistakes.

Retirement income is a highly complex area where there are no second chances. If there is one time in your life when you consider taking professional advice, surely this should be it.

Don’t attack the wrapper – It wouldn’t hurt a fly!

In the hours after the chancellor’s autumn statement last Thursday, a number of media outlets ran a section where questions from the audience were answered by various personal finance commentators.

A re-occurring theme within these discussions were statements from the public such as:

“Pensions have rip-off charges” and, “I lost money in a pension”.

I would like to use my journal post today to dispel some myths about pensions and other tax wrappers.

A pension is simply a tax wrapper within which an investor can place a range of different investments. These are the same types of investments that are available either to purchase directly or within a different type of tax wrapper such as an ISA or investment bond. By purchasing investments through a pension those investments are afforded a range of tax advantages as follows:

• Income tax relief on contributions paid in
• Tax efficient fund growth
• 25% of the fund as a tax free lump sum on retirement

So to take the first of the comments above – Pensions do not normally have a direct charge for the wrapper itself. It would normally be the fund or other investments that are placed inside the pension wrapper which levy the charges so often referred to in the media. Some pension wrappers do carry a small annual charge on either a fixed or percentage basis but this is usually quite insignificant when compared to the charges for managing the funds.

It is worth pointing out that some investment funds do carry high (or even very high!) charges. Some funds, however, are very reasonably priced and offer real value for money to an investor.

Also of note is that the fact that a pension is not responsible for an investor losing money. Once again, it is the responsibility of the investments placed within the pension if a loss has been made.

Some investment funds do under-perform on a regular basis and are certainly not worth the annual management charge that they levy and could be considered poor value for money. Other funds perform very well and deliver real returns to investors without taking an undue level of risk.

The above is also true for other tax wrappers such as an ISA or an investment bond. It is not the wrapper that is responsible for charges or losses, but the investments we place within those wrappers.

A professional financial planner can assist you in choosing cost effective funds, keeping risk under control and generating a return so that you can achieve your objectives. They will also review those investment choices to ensure that they remain appropriate for your on-going needs while always taking account of costs and tax efficiency.

While the people who complained on the television the other night were rightly aggrieved, the wrong suspect had been blamed, for it was the investment, and not the tax wrapper, that was responsible for the losses and charges they were unhappy about.

Why a holistic view on retirement planning is more important than ever

As expected, on the 5th Dec 2013 Mr Osborne laid out plans to increase the state pension age, yet again, to 69 by the mid 2040’s. Those of us in our twenties right now face a state pension age of 70 or even beyond.

With the link of state pension age to life expectancy now firmly established, it would appear that this trend is set to continue for as long as we keep on living longer.

What this means for individuals is a state retirement date which is now uncertain and out of their control. The days of a “fixed” state pension age that we can all plan towards are truly over. Continue reading “Why a holistic view on retirement planning is more important than ever”