In the hours after the chancellor’s autumn statement last Thursday, a number of media outlets ran a section where questions from the audience were answered by various personal finance commentators.
A re-occurring theme within these discussions were statements from the public such as:
“Pensions have rip-off charges” and, “I lost money in a pension”.
I would like to use my journal post today to dispel some myths about pensions and other tax wrappers.
A pension is simply a tax wrapper within which an investor can place a range of different investments. These are the same types of investments that are available either to purchase directly or within a different type of tax wrapper such as an ISA or investment bond. By purchasing investments through a pension those investments are afforded a range of tax advantages as follows:
• Income tax relief on contributions paid in
• Tax efficient fund growth
• 25% of the fund as a tax free lump sum on retirement
So to take the first of the comments above – Pensions do not normally have a direct charge for the wrapper itself. It would normally be the fund or other investments that are placed inside the pension wrapper which levy the charges so often referred to in the media. Some pension wrappers do carry a small annual charge on either a fixed or percentage basis but this is usually quite insignificant when compared to the charges for managing the funds.
It is worth pointing out that some investment funds do carry high (or even very high!) charges. Some funds, however, are very reasonably priced and offer real value for money to an investor.
Also of note is that the fact that a pension is not responsible for an investor losing money. Once again, it is the responsibility of the investments placed within the pension if a loss has been made.
Some investment funds do under-perform on a regular basis and are certainly not worth the annual management charge that they levy and could be considered poor value for money. Other funds perform very well and deliver real returns to investors without taking an undue level of risk.
The above is also true for other tax wrappers such as an ISA or an investment bond. It is not the wrapper that is responsible for charges or losses, but the investments we place within those wrappers.
A professional financial planner can assist you in choosing cost effective funds, keeping risk under control and generating a return so that you can achieve your objectives. They will also review those investment choices to ensure that they remain appropriate for your on-going needs while always taking account of costs and tax efficiency.
While the people who complained on the television the other night were rightly aggrieved, the wrong suspect had been blamed, for it was the investment, and not the tax wrapper, that was responsible for the losses and charges they were unhappy about.