Are annuities really that bad – or is lack of advice the real problem?

Please accept my apologies but I use my blog today to discuss the topic of pensions. Once again we have a sensationalist headline about pensioners being “ripped off” by annuity providers and insurance companies.

The coverage is in response to a report by the Financial Services Consumer Panel, which is heavily critical of the annuity market. While I agree that the market for pension income is currently in need of reform, there are some simple solutions to many of the criticisms leveled by the report.

First of all, I would like to point out that an annuity is not the only possible source of income in retirement. There are many options to consider all of which have their benefits and drawbacks.

Unlike many financial decisions, the choice of how to generate an income in retirement generally can’t be reversed or changed once it is made. The choice of how you take an income from your accumulated retirement funds, and which provider you choose to provide that income, is vitally important. A wrong move here could cost you up to 45% of your income for the rest of your life.

The first mistake that many retirees make is simply to accept the annuity they are offered by their insurance company or pension provider. There is a good chance that the deal offered to you by your existing provider will not be the best, and in some cases can be significantly worse that those offered by other providers.

Secondly, many new retirees fail to consider what their needs will be in retirement. Do they need an income to be paid to their spouse on their death? Will an inflation-linked income be cost effective? What if long-term care is required during retirement? The answers to these (and many more) important questions should be considered before making any decisions. All too often these issues are not given the attention they deserve.

Finally many people simply assume that an annuity is the correct solution for them when in actual fact a different retirement income solution may be more appropriate.

A professional, independent financial planner can help you to decide on the best way to generate an income in retirement as well as making sure that your family will be provided for should you pass away. In addition, by completing a thorough cash flow forecast, your financial planner will be able to show you the likely impact of your retirement decisions, before you make them, so that you can avoid any costly mistakes.

Retirement income is a highly complex area where there are no second chances. If there is one time in your life when you consider taking professional advice, surely this should be it.

Don’t attack the wrapper – It wouldn’t hurt a fly!

In the hours after the chancellor’s autumn statement last Thursday, a number of media outlets ran a section where questions from the audience were answered by various personal finance commentators.

A re-occurring theme within these discussions were statements from the public such as:

“Pensions have rip-off charges” and, “I lost money in a pension”.

I would like to use my journal post today to dispel some myths about pensions and other tax wrappers.

A pension is simply a tax wrapper within which an investor can place a range of different investments. These are the same types of investments that are available either to purchase directly or within a different type of tax wrapper such as an ISA or investment bond. By purchasing investments through a pension those investments are afforded a range of tax advantages as follows:

• Income tax relief on contributions paid in
• Tax efficient fund growth
• 25% of the fund as a tax free lump sum on retirement

So to take the first of the comments above – Pensions do not normally have a direct charge for the wrapper itself. It would normally be the fund or other investments that are placed inside the pension wrapper which levy the charges so often referred to in the media. Some pension wrappers do carry a small annual charge on either a fixed or percentage basis but this is usually quite insignificant when compared to the charges for managing the funds.

It is worth pointing out that some investment funds do carry high (or even very high!) charges. Some funds, however, are very reasonably priced and offer real value for money to an investor.

Also of note is that the fact that a pension is not responsible for an investor losing money. Once again, it is the responsibility of the investments placed within the pension if a loss has been made.

Some investment funds do under-perform on a regular basis and are certainly not worth the annual management charge that they levy and could be considered poor value for money. Other funds perform very well and deliver real returns to investors without taking an undue level of risk.

The above is also true for other tax wrappers such as an ISA or an investment bond. It is not the wrapper that is responsible for charges or losses, but the investments we place within those wrappers.

A professional financial planner can assist you in choosing cost effective funds, keeping risk under control and generating a return so that you can achieve your objectives. They will also review those investment choices to ensure that they remain appropriate for your on-going needs while always taking account of costs and tax efficiency.

While the people who complained on the television the other night were rightly aggrieved, the wrong suspect had been blamed, for it was the investment, and not the tax wrapper, that was responsible for the losses and charges they were unhappy about.

Why a holistic view on retirement planning is more important than ever

As expected, on the 5th Dec 2013 Mr Osborne laid out plans to increase the state pension age, yet again, to 69 by the mid 2040’s. Those of us in our twenties right now face a state pension age of 70 or even beyond.

With the link of state pension age to life expectancy now firmly established, it would appear that this trend is set to continue for as long as we keep on living longer.

What this means for individuals is a state retirement date which is now uncertain and out of their control. The days of a “fixed” state pension age that we can all plan towards are truly over. Continue reading “Why a holistic view on retirement planning is more important than ever”